The most common cause of excess weight is overeating. However, there are other factors that contribute to weight gain - endocrine ailments, genetic predisposition and medication. Specialists of the Digital Clinic of the VSK Insurance House spoke about the non-obvious factors of weight gain, and also made universal recommendations that will help curb this process.
The most common cause of overweight is an imbalance between intake and expenditure of calories. If a person regularly overeats and leads a sedentary lifestyle, weight gain cannot be avoided. However, there are various diseases that provoke a problem even in active people who follow their diet. First of all, these are various endocrine ailments - disorders of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas. Some people experience a genetically determined lack of enzymes that break down fats, which also leads to weight gain. Taking various medications can also contribute to weight gain - oral contraceptives, steroid hormones or insulin.
In the absence of health problems, obesity can be avoided by following the basic recommendations:
Eat regularly, at the same time, observing a break between meals of no more than 4-5 hours.
The daily menu should include foods from different food groups, such as fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, berries, mushrooms. Special attention should be paid to high-quality protein, regularly eat meat, fish, legumes.
Minimize the consumption of table salt - the daily rate should not exceed 3 g.
Minimize your intake of fast carbohydrates. These usually include foods that have a sweet taste.
Give preference to whole foods, such as red or white meat, while minimizing the consumption of sausages, processed foods, canned food and other modified foods.
The diet should include proteins, fats, carbohydrates and fiber.
“Overweight is a multifaceted problem that requires an integrated approach. It is important to understand the cause of its appearance, adjust the diet and increase the level of physical activity, and also make sure that there is no organic pathology that contributes to weight gain. For example, there are people who regularly eat fast food, but do not gain weight. This is easy to explain - if a person keeps a caloric intake within 2 thousand kcal per day, plays sports, has no pathologies, then he will not have problems with obesity. Conversely, some patients gain weight while dieting. Therefore, with the development of overweight, it is necessary to initially consult an endocrinologist, if necessary, pass laboratory tests to assess the state of the body,